The first child of Augustine Washington (1694–1743) and his second wife, Mary Ball Washington (1708–1789), George Washington was born on their Pope's Creek Estate near present-day Colonial Beach inWestmoreland County, Virginia. According to the Julian calendar and Annunciation Style of enumerating years, then in use in the British Empire, Washington was born on February 11, 1731; the Gregorian calendar, adopted in the British Empire in 1752, rendered a birth date of February 22, 1732.
John Adams, Jr. was born on October 30, 1735 (October 19, 1735 Old Style, Julian calendar), to John Adams, Sr. (1691–1761) and Susanna Boylston (1708–1797). He had two younger brothers, Peter and Elihu. Adams' birthplace was Quincy, Massachusetts and is now part of Adams National Historical Park. Adams' mother was from a leading medical family of current Brookline, Massachusetts. His father was a fifth-generation descendant of Henry Adams, who emigrated from Braintree, Essex in England to Braintree, Massachusetts in 1632–1633. John Adams, Sr., a descendant of Puritans, continued that religious tradition as a Congregationalist deacon. He was also a farmer, a cordwainer, and a lieutenant in the militia. He further served as a selectman (town councilman) and supervised the building of schools and roads. Adams often praised his father and recalled their close relationship.
The third of ten children, Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 (April 2, 1743 OS) at the family home in Shadwell, Virginia. His father wasPeter Jefferson, a planter and surveyor who died when Jefferson was fourteen. His mother was Jane Randolph, daughter of Isham Randolph, a ship's captain and sometime planter. Peter and Jane married in 1739. He showed little interest in learning about his ancestry; on his father's side he only knew of the existence of his grandfather.[a] Jefferson's earliest memory was being handed to a slave on horseback and carried 50 miles away to their new home which overlooked the Rivanna River in current Albemarle County. Jefferson's facial appearance resembled that of his father, but his slim physical form resembled that of his mother's family. He was of English, perhaps as well as Welsh descent.